ethical issues facing practitioners in modern society uk

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MA Education is part of the Mark Allen Group. Social workers face ethical dilemmas on a daily basis, Banks illustrates this in her quotation ‘ethical dilemmas occur when the social worker sees herself as facing a choice between two equally unwelcoming alternatives, which may involve a conflict of moral values, and it is not clear which choice will be the right one’ (Banks 2006:13). Personal values cannot simply be eradicated because they conflict with professional values, but we must ‘keep our values and assumptions under review, and be open to other arguments and other ideas’ (Beckett and Maynard 2005:17). Mrs Bertram has been referred by another professional because of her Alzheimer’s. As social workers we could then possibly struggle to make progress when trying to help the Bertram’s. The Collins English Dictionary (2009) defines values as the moral principles and beliefs of a person or group and ethics as a social, religious or civil code of behaviour considered correct, especially that of a particular group, profession, or individual. Our values are formed through personal development and socialisation and will be influenced by both past and present experiences. Ethics is about judgment, which is rarely black and white. Therefore values can be seen as the fundamental beliefs that an individual or group holds to be true and ethics the more formalised rules or guidelines of an organization or society. The principle of utility signifies the greatest good for everyone. Judgements should be informed directly by what Mr and Mrs Bertram say about their circumstances. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on UKEssays.com then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! 4. Praxis is integral to social work practice and comes in the form of reflection. There are two principles of utilitarianism, the principles of justice and utility. The authors have faced all eight of the clinical scenarios in this paper in their routine clinical practice. This article is not primarily about the ethical aspects of the many particular religious traditions to which patients and practitioners might relate … What societal changes might occur as a result of these applications? Relativism suggests that all points of view are equally valid and the individual determines what is true and relative for individuals. Neil Thompson (2006, p40) defines oppression as ‘inhuman or degrading treatment of individuals or groups; hardship or injustice brought about by the dominance of one group over another; the negative and demeaning use of power. There are numerous ethical challenges that can impact patients and families in the health care setting. Offredy and Townsend both feel that a breech in clinical governance and management can cause…show more content… One straight forward way to identify any ethical or social issues that may arise from engaging the public with your research, is to ask yourself a few simple questions: 1. According to Parrott (2010), ethics can be seen to guide an action and are there to inform and influence any judgements made according to the professional value base of social work. ethical implications of different courses of action. I particularly welcome the chapter on ethical researching in other culture which is … It is therefore important for a social worker to be able to justify action (or inaction) accordingly. Praxis is the process of thinking and acting. pg number) He goes on to say that they guide professional behaviour, help maintain a professional identity and protect service – users from malpractice. These have culminated in the General Social Care Council’s (GSCC) code of conduct that is in place today (Barnard, 2008). Guides to moral and ethical issues. Appraisal respect is acknowledging ones qualities. As we have written in NAEYC books about professional ethics, when faced with a challenging situation in the workplace, the first thing an early childhood educator needs to do is to determine whether it is an ethical issue. We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk. Virtue ethics is an approach ‘according to which the basic judgments in ethics are judgments about character’ (Statman, 1997:7). If there are positive impacts on certain … Sule feels that the ethical issues for NPs are in consent and capacity, confidentiality and autonomy, and in the non-compliance on part of patient. The Bertrams’ financial situation is unclear as it appears that Mr Bertram doesn’t have much inheritance money left which has led to rent arrears. The impact of all practice on service – users can be said to be powerful and therefore the ethics and value base emphasises the importance that the moral standing of service – users is equal to that of the professional (Hugman, 2008). All Rights Reserved. When linking moral philosophy and ethical dilemmas to social work practice it is important to acknowledge that no one theory provides an answer. It is like a spiral of thought and action, or a praxis spiral. You're always following regulations and law. 10 Identify and explain one ethical issue facing practitioners in modern society. Virtue ethics is a theory that looks into an individual’s character. An overall Kantian – Utilitarian – Radical approach may be better. The radical position takes a transformational view of social work, and as such is concerned with transforming society to benefit the most oppressed rather than focusing on the individual (Hill, 2010). It is important to clarify one’s personal values in order to increase one’s awareness of the potential conflicts and the impact these may have on ethical decision making. Ethical perspectives must be considered in light of an anti-oppressive approach to practice and in relation to each other as there are occasions when the different perspectives conflict. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. Ethical issues pose particular challenges for practitioners who are often deeply committed to the needs of service users, patients and clients and yet are confronted with systems and resources that do not adequately match their professional ambitions. In some instances problems may arise as social workers come into the profession with their own set of personal values and these may conflict with their professional values. Kant believed people should be treated as an ‘end’ and not a means to an end. Our academic experts are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may have. Some key ethical issues facing contemporary society include how to provide welfare and charity support to the poor, how to deal with addiction, whether to permit euthanasia, how to treat animals and the environment and what stance to take on population control. Childcare is an industry that has to be very ethical. Overall, it should prove to be of great value to students and practitioners. A person’s cultural experiences and background will affect the decisions they make and may bias their behaviour. Ethics: Contemporary Challenges in Health and Social Care  Edited by Audrey Leathard and Susan McLaren  Policy Press  ISBN 978 1 86134 755 8 £19.99. In order to work anti-oppressively social workers need to reflect on factors that influence their practice; they then need to incorporate the results of this reflection into their practice (Lee, 2001). (direct quote ? Key ethical concerns in health promotion include issues related to infringing on people’s privacy, interfering with their right to freedom of choice and autonomy for the sake of promoting the health of individuals or society as a whole. The various incidents of money laundering and insider trading forced Governments to impose laws on such corporations so that they adopt ethical practices. Mrs Bertram’s daughters distrust Mr Bertram and believe it’s in her best interest to be moved into residential care. Our experience tells us that this can be a difficult process, one that many are unsure about. Business ethics have gained immense exposure given the fact that the new century has seen a rising awareness in society of the need for ethical and morally responsible business practices. 1st Jan 1970 According to the Ethics & Compliance Initiative’s 2018 Global Benchmark on Workplace Ethics, 30% of employees in the U.S. personally observed misconduct in the past 12 months, a number close to the global median for misconduct observation. Paternalism focuses on the right for social workers with knowledge, authority, and skills to go into the lives of those who need their help, either by self referral or referrals from other professions. The framework provided allows a place for personal values but challenges social workers to place them within the wider framework where they are accountable to others and they must desist from imposing their values and in fact question them. Performing an abortion is legal but may not be considered ethical by other health care professionals or … 2001;27suppl I:i2-i8 Applying social work ethics. Payne (1997) suggests some typical views are that; problems are defined as social and structural rather than individual. Ethical Issues in Society Today Introduction Ethical issues are circulating in the society, which has gained the individual's attention. Possible options to consider after the assessment would be providing support for Mr and Mrs Bertram at home, moving them into sheltered accommodation together or moving Mrs Bertram into residential care. This may build a strong relationship with the family and build on trust so they do co- operate and consider all the options as they will understand that the strategy would be for the health and well being of both Mr and Mrs Bertram. He suggests that social work values and ethics come from four distinct stages: the morality period; the values period; the ethical theory and decision-making period and the ethical standards and risk management period (Reamer, 2006). This goes hand in hand with the British Association of Social Workers (BASW) Code of Ethics key principles: Respect for human dignity; Value for every human being, their beliefs, goals, preferences and needs; and Respect for human rights and self determination (BASW 2010). Contact Information. Working in an environment where you are caring for other peoples children, and educating them, you're bound to come across some issues. Therefore one persons’ suffering is acceptable as the greatest number of people is happy. No plagiarism, guaranteed! Health and social care profession is one of the most common professions in contemporary Britain. Ones ‘virtue ethics’ are developed by their personal belief system and this determines their character. Education in research ethics is can help people get a better understanding of ethical standards, policies, and issues and improve ethical judgment and decision making. Our website uses cookies, which are small text files that are widely used in order to make websites work more effectively. From an ethical standpoint, there has probably never been a more difficult time to be a physician than in today’s climate of rising insurance costs, malpractice claims, end of life matters, elective surgical procedures, social media and pharmaceutical advertising. (direct quote ?need pg number) Although values are personal to us as individuals, they may also be shared by the society or culture in which we live. Kantism also referred to as deontology was derived from the ideas of philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724-1804). A social worker’s personal values may inform their understanding of practice. Over the years, there have been developments in the profession with Ethics is a branch of philosophy that covers a whole family of things that have a real importance in everyday life. As social workers we need to have a basic understanding of what the Bertram’s values are as it would be difficult to empathise and get the necessary understanding of their wishes if we do not. ‘Utilitarianism looks at the consequences of actions balancing the relative advantages and disadvantages of a particular course of action,’ (Parrott 2010: 54). In the case of the Bertram’s if the social worker were to use the deontological perspective to guide her decision-making it would be important to value Mrs Bertram as a person because the core of this perspective is ‘respect for persons’ (Beckett & Maynard 2005:35). We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. Service – user’s will predominately come from oppressed and marginalised groups and it is crucial that social workers acknowledge institutional discrimination and avoid inadvertently stereotyping service – users, compounding existing oppressions. What do you think are 5 ethical issues facing physicians today? This paper highlights some of the ethical dilemmas that face practising clinicians in their everyday life and restates how useful the General Medical Council guidance is to make appropriate decisions. Well written and referenced, the chapters are generally strong on theory, research and practice. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? The National Occupation Standards (NOS) for Social Workers state clearly that values and ethics are central to being a competent practitioner. Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. Social workers take on a variety of responsibilities that should ultimately serve their clients' best interests. According to the latest statistics … Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student. However, lack of documentation--or the wrong kind of documentation--can be detrimental. If social workers are considered to be in breach of the GSCC codes they can be removed from the social care register and no longer practice. Banks implies that social workers are often involved in personal and even painful issues and ethical judgements in social work that are about ‘human welfare’ (Banks 2006:155). This professional development is important as we will use this type of growth everyday in the workplace. Looking for a flexible role? Legal & Ethical Issues that Health Care Professionals Face. The British Association of Social Workers is the professional association for social workers in the United Kingdom (UK). Darwell (1995) outlines two types of respect, recognition respect and appraisal respect. (Thompson, 2008) Social workers need to be aware of the unequal distribution of power within organisations and decide how best to advocate and negotiate within these organisations for the best interest of the service – user, even if it involves challenging the structure and values of an organisation from within (Dominelli, 2002). Downie and Telfer (1969, 1980) state that ‘respect can be regarded as an active sympathy’ towards another human being’ (Banks S, 2006: 29). What impact might the application of my research have on different members of society? Ethical awareness is an important part of social work as it gives the social worker the ability and commitment to work alongside other professionals and service users. An individual may lie to be seen as virtuous because they want to be seen as an honest person. 04002826. Reamer (2006) provides an insight into the historical origins of values and ethics in social care and states that they have been at the foundation of social care’s mission since its inception. If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! Mr Bertram is believed to be an alcoholic and this could have implications for his health. In social work theory, praxis is the reflexive relationship between theories and action. Company Registration No: 4964706. The Code of Ethicsstates the values and ethical principles on which the profession is based. Ethical issues pose particular challenges for practitioners who are often deeply committed to the needs of service users, patients and clients and yet are confronted with systems and resources that do not adequately match their professional ambitions. 11 Critically evaluate three sociological concepts related to the role of the family. ‘Rationality enables people to understand what their duties are and how their duties enlighten what they do in the world’ (Parrott 2010: 500). Journal of Medical Ethics. This new edited text is a first-rate attempt to demonstrate the importance of ethics in health and social care, and to both inform and encourage debate across these large fields. An increasingly important ethical issue facing primary care practitioners is religion: both their own, and that of their patients. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. 2.2.1 Values and ethics and the social work identity 30 2.2.2 Social work education and ethics 35 2.2.3 Value-based evaluation of social work practice 37 2.2.4 Fundamental ethical issues and dilemmas in social work 38 2.2.5 Ethical decision-making in social work 43 2.2.6 Ethical decision-making in health care settings 48 2.2.7 Summary 51 (Clifford and Burke, 2009) Different contributions are made by various ethical perspectives in any given situation and these must be considered. Kant’s ideology was to set aside people’s view of religion and spiritual beliefs and move to the idea of being rational. The likelihood of a positive outcome would perhaps be increased if Mr Bertram could be offered help for alcoholism as well as a carers assessment to ascertain what his needs are. The British Association of Social Workers has a code of ethics, divided into: human dignity and worth, social justice, service, integrity and competence. *You can also browse our support articles here >. A useful text for use across a range of subject areas in early years. Professional social workers must take responsibility for their actions as they hold a position of trust and power that is legitimised by the state making ethics an important factor in accountability. As with any dilemmas guidance and support should be discussed with the social workers manager. Parrott (2010) suggests that values are important to social work as they ‘provide a common set of principles, which social workers can use and develop as a means of working in an ethical way with service users’. Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) developed the philosophical theory of Utilitarianism. Before her illness advanced Mrs Bertram stated she wanted to stay with her husband. It often involves disregarding the rights of an individual or group and is thus a denial of citizenship’. When dealing with any ethical issue, day care professionals should be guided by core values which underpin ethical framework, such as integrity, honesty and respect. The code expects social workers to respect every human being and ensure the protection of vulnerable people. Banks (2010) states that values are ‘…regarded as particular types of belief that people hold about what is regarded as worthy or valuable’. The starting point of dealing with this case would be an assessment of the Bertram’s situation. Assessment for this Unit Assessment may be carried out through a research project. It is essential for a social worker to have a strong value base from which they work. In the case scenario of the Bertrams the ‘alternatives are unwelcoming’ and in order to navigate the ‘value “maze” in social work’ (Wilson, Ruch, Lymbery and Cooper 2008:92) social workers use various theories to inform practice. At its simplest, ethics is a system of moral principles. All work is written to order. 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