aneurysm: A bulge or swelling on a portion of a blood vessel, due to weakness in the wall of that vessel. An electrical signal generated by the sinoatrial node (the heart's natural pacemaker) moves through the heart until it reaches the atrioventricular node, a cluster of cells at the bottom of the right atrium. Medi-Cal is a combined federal and California State program designed to help pay for medical care for public assistance recipients and other low-income persons. CT angiography: Use of a CT scan and an injectable dye to show arteries and blood vessels in detail. antithyroid drugs: Drugs used to treat an overactive thyroid. autonomic nervous system: The part of the nervous system that controls involuntary actions, such as blood pressure or breathing. It compacts and moves solid waste. complement system: Proteins that kill viruses, bacteria, and other microbes directly or flag them for destruction by white blood cells. atopy: The inherited tendency to develop allergies. Because blood isn't pumped out of these chambers fully, it may pool and form clots that could lead to a stroke. alpha hydroxy acids: Fruit-derived acids used in creams and lotions to act as exfoliants. cones: Cells in the retina that are sensitive to color and light. bunionette: A small, painful bony bump that forms on the outside of the foot, at the base of the small toe. You can even make up rhymes, songs, stories, or abbreviations to remember things quickly and easily by grouping them together. acetabulum: A curved, bowl-shaped depression in the outer part of the hipbone. compounding pharmacy: A pharmacy that mixes custom medications for patients and doctors. alpha blockers: A group of drugs that lower blood pressure by blocking the effects of adrenaline or adrenaline-like substances on cells' alpha receptors. Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis - Wikipedia. atheroma: An abnormal build-up of fatty plaque inside an artery. Doctors Lounge … cerebral aneurysm: A weakening and ballooning of the wall of an artery in the brain. These common medical root words give you a general idea of what you’re dealing with or specify a body part. cancer: A group of diseases in which abnormal cells grow in an uncontrolled way, sometimes forming tumors. apolipoproteins: Proteins that combine with cholesterol and triglyceride to form lipoproteins. colorectal adenoma: A growth on the colon or rectal wall that may develop into cancer. atopic dermatitis: A long-term skin condition, most common in babies and children, in which areas of the skin are dry, itchy, red, and may crack. allergic rhinitis: A seasonal or year-round allergic condition marked by sneezing, runny nose, and congestion. Please note: If you have a promotional code you'll be prompted to enter it prior to confirming your order. corrugator muscle: One of the muscles that forms frown lines on the forehead. biochemical recurrence: Usually used regarding prostate cancer. Master today's medical … complicated grief: A prolonged, intense reaction to bereavement that affects one in 10 people who lose a loved one. Please note the date of last review or update on all articles. compression fracture: The collapse of a bone, most often a bone in the spine (vertebra). cyclic hormone therapy: Use of estrogen and progestogen for 10–14 days of the month to relieve symptoms of menopause. combined hyperlipidemia: A condition, usually inherited, in which LDL cholesterol and triglyceride levels are very high. allergy: An immune system reaction (for example, rash, fever, sneezing, or headaches) to something that is normally harmless. atopic: Having an inherited predisposition to allergies. connective tissue: A group of tissues in the body that provide internal support and bind other tissues in the body, including bone, cartilage, tendons, and ligaments. cognitive behavioral therapy: A form of therapy that aimed at recognizing and changing negative thoughts and behaviors. adjuvant therapy: Extra therapy given after a primary treatment, to increase the effectiveness of the primary treatment. colonoscopy: A procedure to see inside the colon, using a long, lighted flexible tube mounted with a tiny camera. High amounts of C-reactive protein may indicate that arteries are clogged (atherosclerosis). bursitis: Pain and swelling of the bursa, the small fluid filled pads that act as cushions in or near the joints. It is often used to immunize babies and young children. celiac plexus: A network of nerves in the upper abdomen; medication is sometimes injected here as part of a therapy to ease pain called a nerve block. Cooking from — and for — the heart this holiday season, Fish oil drug helps shrink plaque in heart arteries, When you take these popular pain relievers, proceed with caution, "Awe" walks inspire more joy, less distress, Anticholinergic drugs linked with greater cognitive risk, Blood pressure medications may affect your mood, Use topical painkillers for strains and sprains, 5 tips to get your eating habits back on track, Simple solutions to soothe sore, fragile gums, Tips to cheat safely on your healthy diet, Gum disease linked to an increased risk for cancer, More daily movement may lower cancer deaths, Oral health problems may raise cancer risk, Telemonitoring tied to fewer heart attacks, lower medical costs. antigen-presenting cell: Specialized white blood cells that detect harmful substances in the body and then signal other immune system defenders (known as T-cells) to mount a defense. ATP: Abbreviation for adenosine triphosphate, an energy-storing molecule that is found in all human cells. advanced sleep phase syndrome: A pattern of falling asleep and waking up earlier than wanted that worsens progressively over time. It's important to remember that most people who have COVID-19 recover quickly. Achilles' tendon: A band of connective tissue that connects the calf muscle to the heel bone. arbovirus: A virus transmitted by mosquitoes or other member of the arthropod phylum. ataxia: Being unable to control movement; symptoms include shaking and an unsteady walk. Levels of creatine kinase are tested to diagnose certain illnesses. cirrhosis: A chronic disease of the liver that progressively destroys the liver's ability to aid in digestion and detoxification. blackout: An episode of temporary memory loss resulting from the ingestion of alcohol or other drugs. cerebrovascular accident: The medical term for a stroke. arterial resistance: The pressure that the artery walls exert on blood flow; in general, the less elastic the arteries, the greater the arterial resistance and the higher the blood pressure. chlorophyllin: A chemical found in green, leafy vegetables thought to help prevent cancer. atria: The upper chambers of the heart. abduction: Movement of a body part, such as an arm or leg, away from the center of the body. Browse dictionary by letter:A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z. So, play a game of medical term bingo with friends or explore some online resources like this trivia game. ACE: Abbreviation for angiotensin-converting enzyme, an enzyme that converts the inactive form of the protein angiotensin (angiotensin I) to its active form—angiotensin II. The American Medical Directors Association is the professional association of medical directors and physicians practicing in the long term care continuum, dedicated to excellence in patient care by providing education, advocacy, information and professional development. The ball-shaped portion at the top of the thighbone fits into this space to form the hip joint. conjunctiva: The clear, thin membrane that covers the inside of the eyelid and the white part of the eyeball. Androgens, the family of male sex hormones that includes testosterone, function as a fuel for growth in normal development. bone scan: A test in which radioactive material is injected into a person's bloodstream to help produce images of bones; often used to detect cancer or bone diseases. Circle of Willis: A circle of arteries at the base of the brain, connecting major brain arteries and supplying blood to all parts of the brain. . COX-2 inhibitors: Abbreviation for cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors, medications that reduce pain and swelling by targeting a particular enzyme known as cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). The AV node delays the signal before it is passed to the ventricles. basal ganglia: Clusters of nerve cells deep in the brain that play an important role in movement. coronary artery disease: A condition in which one or more of the arteries feeding the heart become so narrow in spots that blood flow is impaired or stopped entirely, causing chest pain or a heart attack. bisphosphonate: Medications, including alendronate and etidronate, used to prevent and treat osteoporosis by slowing the breakdown of bone. aura: Sensations such as chills, flashes of light, or a blind spot that come just before the occurrence of medical problems such as migraines or seizures. controllers: Asthma medications taken daily to prevent or control symptoms. It is a type of flavonoid. BMI = weight (in kilograms) divided by height (in meters) squared. Get to know the basic word parts. The first part of deciphering a medical term is to know the different components of a term. This lets the atria fully contract before the ventricles contract. craving: Intense, often irrepressible urge for something; often a symptom of dependence on drugs, alcohol or addiction. It is generally used for making small incisions in skin and muscle. cognitive function: All of the brain mechanisms involved with thinking, reasoning, learning, and remembering. adhesion: A band of scar-like tissue that forms between two surfaces inside the body, connecting tissues or organs which are not normally connected. body mass index: A measure of body fat estimated from a person's height and weight. chronic pain syndrome: Long-term, severe pain that doesn't spring from an injury or illness, that interferes with daily life, and is often accompanied by other problems, such as depression, irritability, and anxiety. bioavailability: How quickly and completely the body can absorb and use a nutrient. beta blockers: A class of drugs that slow the heartbeat, lessen the force of each contraction, and reduce the contraction of blood vessels in the heart, brain, and throughout the body by blocking the action of beta-adrenergic substances such as adrenaline (epinephrine) at the beta receptor. anaerobic: Any process that doesn't require oxygen. brain imaging: Technologies that allow doctors to view the structure of the brain or see how different parts of the brain function; examples include computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), functional MRI (fMRI), and positron emission tomography (PET). Root: the essential meaning of the word. Overview of Medi-Cal for Long Term Care. I'm flying next week to my vacation, and the flight is going to be rather long (almost 16 hours non-stop). Definition: opposition to the disestablishment … CBC: Abbreviation for complete blood count—tests run on a blood sample to provide information on red cells, white cells, and platelets. Alternatively, a single large dose of a medication given intravenously. BMD: Abbreviation for bone mineral density, the amount of mineralized bone tissue in a given area. arthroplasty: Surgically rebuilding or replacing a joint, usually to relieve arthritis or fix an abnormality. cardiopulmonary bypass machine: A pump used to oxygenate and circulate blood through the body while the heart is stopped during open-heart surgery. cerebral hemorrhage: Bleeding in the brain caused by the rupture of a blood vessel; another term for hemorrhagic stroke. cation: A positively charged ion; cations in the body include sodium, potassium, and magnesium. annulus: Term used to describe ring or circle shaped objects or body parts. barium study: An imaging test that allows doctors to see the inside of the esophagus and upper stomach. allergic: Having a sensitivity to one or more normally harmless substances. This can affect digestion, cause stomach pain, and keep the body from absorbing vitamins and nutrients. Understanding of medical prefixes, suffixes and roots. crepitus: Grating, grinding, or popping sound or feeling made when a joint is moved. brachytherapy: Treatment in which a surgeon implants seeds or pellets of radioactive material in the body to destroy cancer cells. Sometimes called traumatic or chronic grief. Medicaid is a state-run program offering low-cost or free custodial and medical services to those with low incomes who qualify. Our system is designed for long-term retention, but also serves as a quick refresh. alcohol abuse: Continuing consumption of alcohol despite alcohol-related social or interpersonal problems. Long-term definition is - occurring over or involving a relatively long period of time. biological variability: Normal fluctuations over time in the levels of a substance being measured (such as cholesterol). alpha-delta sleep: Abnormal deep sleep; also called non-restorative sleep. crown: The part of the tooth that is visible above the gum line. actin: One of the proteins that allows cells to move and muscles to contract. coronary: Pertaining to the arteries that supply blood to the heart. corticotropin-releasing factor: A hormone made in the brain that triggers the body's fight-or-flight reaction to external threats. agnosia: A rare disease in which a person can't recognize objects, shapes, or people. Are you a Doctor, Pharmacist, PA or a Nurse? atherothrombotic stroke: A type of stroke that occurs when a large artery to the brain is completely blocked by the formation of a clot. The root of a word is its main part and core meaning. cochlea: Part of the ear that converts sound into electrical signals that the brain interprets as a particular sound. benzodiazepines: Anti-anxiety medications that work by helping to maintain levels of the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the brain. As you learn new words, create pictures in your mind that you can associate with the word. Often occurs on the surface of the skin. beta agonists: A medication that opens airways by relaxing the muscles around the airway; used to treat asthma or COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). Most long-term care services assists people with Activities of Daily Living, such as dressing, bathing, and using the bathroom. Also called C-1. coarctation: A narrowed area in the aorta (the main artery that leaves the heart) present from birth. carbohydrate: The sugars and starches in food that provide the body with most of its fuel. 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