be going to grammar

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var pbAdUnits = getPrebidSlots(curResolution); var pbMobileLrSlots = [ "authorizationTimeout": 10000 He/She is going to clean the windows. be going to – form Be going to consists of the present continuous of the verb go (I’m going, you are going, etc.) { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, Are they going to go to the party tomorrow? dfpSlots['contentslot_1'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/mpuslot', [[300, 250], [336, 280], 'fluid'], 'ad_contentslot_1').defineSizeMapping(mapping_contentslot).setTargeting('cdo_si', '1').setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, Remember! They’re going to watch a film this weekend.. Be careful! var pbTabletSlots = [ bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, ga('set', 'dimension3', "default"); Free Grammar Check All the grammar you need to succeed in life™ - Explore our world of Grammar with FREE grammar & spell checkers, eBooks , articles, tutorials, vocabulary games and more! She has just looked out of the window. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776142', position: 'btf' }}, In informal contexts (such as text messages and emails between friends) and especially in spoken English, going to is often contracted to gonna. Usually the decision about the future plans has already been made: She’s going to be a professional dancer when she grows up. predictions for the future that are based on present evidence. Mrs Lucky is going to meet a friend in town. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195453', size: [320, 50] }}, I’m going to be a teacher when I’m older. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, var mapping_leftslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([1063, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]]).addSize([963, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, 'cap': true They're (are) going to have an accident. Become a Lingolia Plus member to access these additional exercises. Click on the arrows to change the translation direction. They are going to cleanthe windows. In connected speech, going to is reduced to its weak form, with several possibilities. Form. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot1' }}]}]; (the speaker states a fact), to take the place of something lost or damaged or to compensate for something bad with something good, I can’t hear myself think: more interesting ways of saying ‘noisy’, Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, Learn how to conjugate the future tense with going to in English grammar and get tips on its usage. The doctor said I’ m going to … { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, googletag.cmd.push(function() { { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, dfpSlots['btmslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/btmslot', [[300, 250], 'fluid'], 'ad_btmslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_btmslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195452', size: [336, 280] }}, {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot_flex' }}, We use be going to + the base form of the verb: I’m going to take a few exams at the end of the year. In the exercises, you can test your knowledge. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654150' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195452', size: [300, 250] }}, (=I’ m going to go … {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, 'increment': 0.01, 'min': 0, pid: '94' ; options and make a decision; We often make a decision to go somewhere. Will and Going to Similarity in Usage Both Will and Going to can be used for making future predictions without having a real difference in meaning. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, For example: I am going to have breakfast with Carrie. plans and intentions for the future when a decision has already been made. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot1' }}]}]; Even though most native speakers use these two interchangeably, "will", also referred as simple future, has some grammatical differences from "going to" (planned future).Also See: Simple Future Will (Be) Going To Future Will vs Going To Exercises Shall vs Will bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971068', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Then we go there, moving through space. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, 'cap': true { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, 2. "be going to" is used to talk about future plans predictions For example: I'm (am) going to learn Spanish next year. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_dc", "british-grammar"); Learn how to conjugate the future tense with going to in English grammar and get tips on its usage. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776338', position: 'btf' }}, Be going to is used when we want to emphasise our decision or the evidence in the present: [An ‘A’ road is a main road. Download full-size image from Pinterest . { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, (Are you going to try and get things organised as soon as you can?). var pbDesktopSlots = [ { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 50] }}, If … { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, googletag.pubads().collapseEmptyDivs(false); googletag.pubads().setCategoryExclusion('mcp').setCategoryExclusion('resp').setCategoryExclusion('wprod'); Maybe he will come again. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_pc", "dictionary"); A decision before the moment of speaking: Julie: There's no milk. no unambiguous ones. With Lingolia Plus you can access 13 additional exercises about Future Simple (going to), as well as 718 online exercises to improve your English. {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 50], [320, 50], [320, 100]] } }, to be (am, are, is) + going to + infinitive. 'cap': true googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_ei", "future-be-going-to-i-am-going-to-work"); pbjsCfg = { bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446385' }}, },{ {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, 'increment': 0.05, There will/ is going to be be a rise in prices after the elections. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, storage: { } He’s not going to play football anymore. ), Future: other expressions to talk about the future, Future: present continuous to talk about the future (, Future: present simple to talk aboutthe future (, Modality: other modal words and expressions. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_tc = resp"); { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, bidderSequence: "fixed" Take a test after watching this video to see what you've learned:http://goo.gl/o9WtUz {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, expires: 60 googletag.pubads().addEventListener('slotRenderEnded', function(event) { if (!event.isEmpty && event.slot.renderCallback) { event.slot.renderCallback(event); } }); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, iasLog("exclusion label : wprod"); }, iasLog("criterion : cdo_pc = dictionary"); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, 'pa pdd chac-sb tc-bd bw hbr-20 hbss lpt-25' : 'hdn'">. We are going to sing at the party. Examples: I was going to call you but I lost your phone number. PLANS and INTENTIONS: Be going to is used to talk about plans and intentions, usually when the decision has already been made. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, googletag.pubads().disableInitialLoad(); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, "login": { A ‘B’ road is a smaller road.] Exercises. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, expires: 365 },{ Get 3 months membership for just €10.49 (≈ $12.48). bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, A ‘B’ road is a smaller road.] { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, var pbHdSlots = [ We write gonna to show how to pronounce it: Are you gonna try and get stuff sorted as soon as you can then? {code: 'ad_contentslot_1', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [336, 280]] } }, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, "sign-out": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signout?rid=READER_ID" userSync: { 'buckets': [{ { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, He's (is) going to travel to Japan in the summer. You are certain that sth. (the speaker refers to the present and emphasises the decision), I know the ‘B’ road will be quicker at this time of day. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 50] }}, Laura is going to do all her homework tonight. var mapping_rightslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); If there is an evidence, it is preferred instead of “will”. var pbMobileHrSlots = [ { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, Using "going" for plans and intentions Signal Words. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, storage: { It is going to crash into the yellow one. I’m going to look for a new place to live next month. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_leftslot' }}]}, (It is just prediction. ) }, "sign-in": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signin?rid=READER_ID", { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 100] }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971067', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, We use be going to to predict something that we think is certain to happen or which we have evidence for now: It’s going to snow again soon. Verb patterns: verb + infinitive or verb + -. When you want to make a prediction about the future, you can use “will” or “be going to”. }; For example: { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195453', size: [300, 250] }}, Are you going to buy a new T-shirt?. Our online exercises for English help you to learn and practice grammar rules in an interactive manner. iasLog("criterion : cdo_dc = british-grammar"); Activity Notes on Page 2 Level: Beginning to Elementary It’s going to be difficult to get a job during the summer as the tourist industry is suffering from the economic downturn. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, Will is often used in a similar way to be going to. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654189' }}, 'min': 3.05, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, Four pages (Lucy, Tom, Maria and Sally) Students stand and ask their classmates what they are going to do next Monday, etc. iasLog("criterion : cdo_pt = entry"); We use be going to to talk about future plans and intentions. initAdSlotRefresher(); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195452', size: [336, 280] }}, googletag.enableServices(); Will be / Are going to be. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, 'cap': true It is going to rain. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195453', size: [300, 250] }}, dfpSlots['topslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [[728, 90]], 'ad_topslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, "sign-up": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signup?rid=READER_ID", In that case, I'll go and get some. (It is just prediction. ) Both refer to the future and there is a slight difference between the two though in most cases they can be used interchangeably with no difference in meaning. form of going … Patrica and Linda are going to watch the movie. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446384' }}, This tense is constructed with: be + going to + infinitive. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, }] { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, BE GOING TO in the Past Tense. Michael‘s going to buy a new short. In written English, the contracted form of are can only be used after pronouns, not after nouns and names. You are going to clean the windows. Going is mainly used to refer to our plans and intentions or to make predictions based on present evidence. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, }, iasLog("exclusion label : mcp"); He will/is going to have an accident if he doesn’t drive more carefully. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446385' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, be going to – grammar chart . // FIXME: (temporary) - send ad requests only if PlusPopup is not shown Be going to is commonly used in informal styles. We use it for plans and intentions, predictions and commands: I’ … partner: "uarus31" { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, Past perfect simple or past perfect continuous? 3rd person plural → are + going to + verb in the basic form; I (move) to another town. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]] } }, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot_flex' }}, The following words indicate the use of a future tense: However, there are no concrete signal words for going to. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, Browse our dictionary apps today and ensure you are never again lost for words. if(!isPlusPopupShown()) { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446383' }}, }); Never use this form in formal written English. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776338', position: 'btf' }}, Grammar. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195452', size: [300, 250] }}, } We are now very late so we ’re going to take the ‘B’ road. googletag.pubads().enableSingleRequest(); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776142', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, I’m going to write my homework tonight. ; Use be going to to talk about something that you see is going to happen (there is present evidence).. Don’t drive like a crazy man. They are mostly used in spoken and informal written English. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, ga('send', 'pageview'); Add ${headword} to one of your lists below, or create a new one. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654189' }}, }, So Mrs Lucky is going to leave her umbrella at home. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, dfpSlots['topslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [], 'ad_topslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346698' }}, name: "_pubcid", To make sure that you understand the correct answers, our answer keys offer simple explanations as well as handy tips and tricks. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, What if the sentences are: Tomorrow, (I'm going to be leaving -vs- I'm going to leave) - or is the first sentence awkward in current form but it would be natural if said as in "I'm going to be leaving by/at 8.00 am tomorrow"? Grammar Info-Gap Future: Going To. This tense is constructed with: be + going to + infinitive. Certain expressions can help us to recognise the tense being used in a sentence. "loggedIn": false is going to happen in the future (logical consequence). Adverbs and adverb phrases: typical errors, Adjectives and adjective phrases: typical errors, Conjunctions: causes, reasons, results and purpose, Relative clauses referring to a whole sentence, Relative clauses: defining and non-defining, Nationalities, languages, countries and regions, types of English (formal, informal, etc. But what’s the difference? dfpSlots['rightslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/rightslot', [[300, 250]], 'ad_rightslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_rightslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').addService(googletag.pubads()); {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, In everyday speech, going to is often shortened to gonna, especially in American English, but it is never written that way. 4. iasLog("criterion : cdo_ei = future-be-going-to-i-am-going-to-work"); “I’m going to leave” can be: /gəʊɪŋtə/ – the vowel sound in “to” is reduced to a schwa /gəʊɪntə/ – the vowel sound in “to” is reduced to a schwa and the last consonant sound of “going” is elided, so /ŋ/ becomes /n/

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