An alternative route to the Disappointment Cleaver is the Ingraham Glacier Direct Route, grade II, and is often used when the Disappointment Cleaver route cannot be climbed due to poor route conditions. A small crater lake about 130 by 30 ft (39.6 by 9.1 m) in size and 16 ft (5 m) deep, the highest in North America with a surface elevation of 14,203 ft (4,329 m), occupies the lowest portion of the west crater below more than 100 ft (30 m) of ice and is accessible only via the caves.. Cascade Mountain is a prominent peak towering over the Town of Banff in Banff National Park in Alberta.With the elevation of 2,998 m (9,836 ft), the Cascade Mountain summit can be reached by an 18-km (11-mi) trail with an elevation gain of about 1,764 m (5,787 ft). Cascade Mountain is a mountain located in the Bow River Valley of Banff National Park, adjacent to the town of Banff.The mountain was named in 1858 by James Hector after the waterfall or cascade on the southern flanks of the peak. When the trees end, continue following yellow-printed signs and rock cairns for a scramble to the Cascade Mountain summit. , With 26 major glaciers and 36 sq mi (93 km2) of permanent snowfields and glaciers, Mount Rainier is the most heavily glaciated peak in the lower 48 states. A climbing ice axe could be useful.  The bodies of three of the client climbers were spotted on August 7, 2014, during a training flight and subsequently recovered on August 19, 2014. , Glaciers flow under the influence of gravity by the combined action of sliding over the rock on which they lie and by deformation, the gradual displacement between and within individual ice crystals. Both stamps and souvenir sheets are widely available. A nice view just before the final push for Porter Mountain. Mount Rainier (/ r eɪ ˈ n ɪər /), also known as Tahoma or Tacoma, is a large active stratovolcano in the Cascade Range of the Pacific Northwest, located in Mount Rainier National Park about 59 miles (95 km) south-southeast of Seattle. Elevation gain of climb: 1 460 m (4 800 ft.) Swarms of five to ten shallow earthquakes over two or three days take place from time to time, predominantly in the region of 13,000 feet (4 km) below the summit. Climbing teams require experience in glacier travel, self-rescue, and wilderness travel.  Lahars from Rainier pose the most risk to life and property, as many communities lie atop older lahar deposits. There are three routes to the summit of Porter, one of which is followed heavily. The scramble route description begins at this location. Distance: approx. Follow a faint trail in the loose scree along the base of the rock band. Since the early-1980s, however, many glaciers have been thinning and retreating and some advances have slowed. The second highest summit is Point Success, 14,158 ft (4,315 m), at the southern edge of the summit plateau, atop the ridge known as Success Cleaver. There are many types of birds found throughout the different elevations on the mountain, but while some live there all year, many are migratory.  The map of the Lewis and Clark expedition of 1804–1806 refers to it as Mt. The Carbon, Cowlitz, Emmons, and Nisqually Glaciers advanced during the late 1970s and early 1980s as a result of high snowfalls during the 1960s and 1970s. Er führt vorbei an herrlichen Aussichtspunkten. From Banff, follow the Mt. The high life The Cascade Range may have been named for its countless waterfalls, but its true calling card has to be its rugged, crumpled peaks—the Liberty Bells, the Seven-Fingered Jacks, the Steamboat Prows—all rising abruptly from deeply carved valleys and … At 10,908 feet, it almost makes it onto the Wasatch Front 11,000 list. , Typically, up to five earthquakes are recorded monthly near the summit. This route is about 11 miles round trip and has about 2300 feet elevation gain. Average round-trip time: 9 hours. The following description matches the numbers on the route photo below. Enjoy the fantastic views but be sure to stay away from cornice snow along the summit ridge (most cornices eventually fall off in the summer). Difficulty and technical challenge of climbing Mount Rainier can vary widely between climbing routes. Continue up on easy ground just below a little cliff on the right side of the ridge until reaching an obvious notch in the ridge that, until now, has been hidden from view [look back]. It was around 10 degrees colder at the summit than it was at the base of the mountain. Its lahars have reached all the way to Puget Sound, a distance of more than 30 mi (48 km). From the notch beyond the False Summit [look back], scramble up long, loose scree to the main summit. Cascade Mountain - Banff. , In addition to climbing, hiking, backcountry skiing, photography, and camping are popular activities in the park. This is an iconic mountain adjacent from the town of Banff in Banff National Park. While Cascade is considered one of the easier scrambles in the Banff area, all mountains pose hazards.  If Mount Rainier were to erupt as powerfully as Mount St. Helens did in its May 18, 1980 eruption, the effect would be cumulatively greater, because of the far more massive amounts of glacial ice locked on the volcano compared to Mount St. Helens, the vastly more heavily populated areas surrounding Rainier, and the fact that Mount Rainier is almost twice the size of St.  The ecosystem on the mountain is very diverse, owing to the climate found at different elevations. This route only accounts for approximately 2% of climbers on the mountain, but approximately 25% of its deaths.  Another hypothesis is that Tacoma means "larger than Mount Baker" in Lushootseed: Ta 'larger', plus Koma (Kulshan), (Mount Baker). Cascade Mountain Scrambler's Guide. Cascade Mountain is recognized as having one of the best summit views in the Adirondacks, with about two-thirds of the High Peaks, Lake Placid, and even Lake Champlain in sight on clear days. Flow rates are generally greater in summer than in winter, probably due to the presence of large quantities of meltwater at the glacier base. See the detailed route information and important safety tips. Cascade Mountain Summit in Keene, NY. In 1893, the area was set aside as part of the Pacific Forest Reserve in order to protect its physical and economic resources, primarily timber and watersheds. Cascade Mountain Trail ascends 1,925 feet over 2.4 miles. Cascade is the next major mountain south of Timpanogos and Provo Canyon and overlooks much of Utah Valley.The west face is very precipitous with huge cliffs and rises nearly 7000 feet above the valley floor. Due to its high probability of eruption in the near future, Mount Rainier is considered one of the most dangerous volcanoes in the world, and it is on the Decade Volcano list. From the meadows you can see the route to the summit of Cascade Mountain, a challenging scramble. Careful route-finding starts here!  An eruption could be deadly for all living in areas within the immediate vicinity of the volcano and an eruption would also cause trouble from Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada to San Francisco, California because of the massive amounts of ash blasting out of the volcano into the atmosphere. This is a 5.5 mile out-and-back hike with 2500 cumulative feet of elevation gain that takes about 2-4 hours to complete. Rainier's Name Stands", "Mount Rainier renamed Mount Seattle Seahawks for Super Bowl XLVIII", "Colorado's Highest Peaks Re-Named After Super Bowl Team", "After McKinley, it's time to consider renaming Rainier", "Fumaroles in ice caves on the summit of Mount Rainier; preliminary stable isotope, gas, and geochemical studies", "Firn Caves in the Volcanic Craters of Mount Rainier, Washington", "Washington 100 Highest Peaks with 400 feet of prominence", "History of landslides and Debris Flows at Mount Rainier", "Postglacial Lahars From Mount Rainier Volcano, Washington", "Rainier Eruption Odds Low, Impact High, Expert Says", "Why Have Volcanoes in the Cascades Been So Quiet Lately? During May 1970, Nisqually Glacier was measured moving as fast as 29 inches (74 cm) per day. The summit is quite bald and offers some great views of the other peaks in the area as well as a very good view of the Champlain Valley. Van Trump received a hero's welcome in the streets of Olympia after their successful summit climb in 1870. It has a prominence of 858 ft (262 m), and it is almost never climbed in direct conjunction with Columbia Crest, so it is usually considered a separate peak.  This massive avalanche of rock and ice removed the top 1,600 ft (500 m) of Rainier, bringing its height down to around 14,100 ft (4,300 m). If snow is present, climb across this place with extreme care and be prepared to turn back if uncertain of safety. The climbers on the route can make use of Camp Schurman (9,500 ft), a glacial camp site. If considered separately from Mount Rainier, Little Tahoma Peak would be the third highest mountain peak in Washington. Congress dedicated the new park "for the benefit and enjoyment of the people" and "... for the preservation from injury or spoliation of all timber, mineral deposits, natural curiosities, or wonders within said park, and their retention in their natural condition. The summit of Cascade Mountain can be seen upper right. Cascade Mountain is in Essex County of New York. The Amphitheatre is the huge basin ahead curving gradually around to the left. Since Cascade Mountain is a bald peak, there is nothing to protect you from the high winds.  (58 deaths have been reported since and including the 1981 accident through 2010 per American Alpine Club Accidents in North American Mountaineering and the National Park Service.). It may take some longer as this hike is a 18km return trek with an elevation gain of 1325 m or (4346 ft) to reach the 2,998 m (9,836 foot) summit. The mountains, the glaciers, the cascading streams and the forests may be equalled if one looks far away enough, but no park has been so favored in the way of wild flowers. Known as “Tahoma” to local Indian tribes, this giant stratovolcano was named Mount Rainier by George Vancouver on his maritime expedition in 1792. "The view is spectacular and the summit is large enough to accommodate the...". The bodies of the fourth client climber and two guides have not been located. All the water is highly carbonated and would be classed as extremely "hard". , The size of glaciers on Mount Rainier has fluctuated significantly in the past. It is one of the 46 Adirondack High Peaks (36th) and is located in the Adirondack Park. At the creek, turn right at the junction and follow the Elk Lake trail for another 2.5 km to where the signed Cascade Amphitheatre trail branches right. Review the route photo to see the huge cliffs below which are hidden from view at the ridge. The Cascade mountain system extends from northern California to central British Columbia. It is an out and back trail that features a mostly gradual gain to the summit. All climbers who plan to climb above the high camps, Camp Muir and Camp Schurman, are required to purchase a Mount Rainier Climbing Pass and register for their climb. The route description to the summit of Cascade Mountain begins at the Cascade Amphitheatre (see trailhead information for access to Amphitheatre).  Seismic swarms (not initiated with a mainshock) are common features at volcanoes, and are rarely associated with eruptive activity. Cascade Mountain's bare rock summit is the result of a fire. Cool blue lakes, rugged peaks, and luxury lodges abound in this majestic Northwest range Evelyn Spence, Kelly Bastone, and Ann Marie Brown – June 16, 2014 | Updated August 22, 2018 1 of 10 José Mandojana The high life. Retrace your steps. Most hike to the summit of Cascade Mountain and then take the side trip to Porter Mountain. Top 9 Cascade Mountain Sights. Cascade Mountain Scrambler's Guide. On clear days, climbers on the summit enjoy unobstructed views of the North Cascades, the Olympic Mountains, Mount Baker, Mount Adams, Mount Hood, Mount Saint Helens, and the islands of the Puget Sound. This produces dramatic blooms in areas like Paradise. Their distribution on the mountain suggest primary use of subalpine meadows and low alpine habitats that provided relatively high resource abundance during the short summer season. Its name comes from a series of waterfalls on a brook near the mountain's base. Cascade Mountain is the 36th highest peak at 4,098 feet, with a 2.2 mile trail and 1,940 feet elevation gain to an open summit with 360-degree panoramic views of other High Peaks. An analysis of the waters show that they all contain about the smae [sic] mineral salts but in slightly differing proportions. People know the danger of fire, so they buy fire insurance and they have smoke alarms, but most people are not aware of the risks of lahars, and few have applicable flood insurance. If you have waterproof hiking shoes be sure to bring them along as some areas of the trail can get very muddy. Geothermal heat from the volcano keeps areas of both crater rims free of snow and ice, and has formed the world's largest volcanic glacier cave network within the ice-filled craters, with nearly 2 mi (3.2 km) of passages. This slope forms a steep bowl exposed to cliffs below.  The linguist William Bright gives the origin as Salish pronunciation: [təqʷúbə] 'snow-covered mountain'. Tab over to overview or Hour by Hour for alternative views of the Cascade Mountain weather forecast. Scrambled Cascade mountain, elevation 2998 m, with kids on August 4, 2020, 20.5 km out and back, 1800 m elevation gain, 9 1/2 hours car to car, including 45 minutes at the summit. The 1,888 sq. The right fork heads to Porter Mountain. The route then more or less follows the Blue Ridge to the saddle above Bowen Lake and then accesses the summit of Cascade Mountain via its Southeast Ridge. National marine conservation areas system, Directory of federal heritage designations. Mount Rainier has a topographic prominence of 13,210 ft (4,026 m), which is greater than that of K2, the world's second-tallest mountain, at 13,189 ft (4,020 m). Wandering off-route wastes time and can lead to dangerous terrain. This is an iconic mountain adjacent from the town of Banff in Banff National Park. At the First Peak, follow the marked route that bypasses the peak on the left side, or climb back up over the little peak and follow the ridge down to the last trees. Rainier has had several such swarms; there were days-long swarms in 2002, 2004, and 2007, two of which (2002 and 2004) included M 3.2 earthquakes. The White, Carbon, and Mowich join the Puyallup River, which discharges into Commencement Bay at Tacoma; the Nisqually empties into Puget Sound east of Lacey; and the Cowlitz joins the Columbia River between Kelso and Longview. This route is also the most common commercially guided route.  Following this in 1897, the Pacific Forest Reserve became the Mount Rainier Forest Reserve, and the national park was established three years later. , The most recent recorded volcanic eruption was between 1820 and 1854, but many eyewitnesses reported eruptive activity in 1858, 1870, 1879, 1882, and 1894 as well.. Mount Rainier is located in an area that itself is part of the eastern rim of the Pacific Ring of Fire.  The archaeological record of human use of the mountain dates to over 8,500 years before present (BP). For the beginner (like me), this was a tough climb. For example, during the last ice age, from about 25,000 to about 15,000 years ago, glaciers covered most of the area now within the boundaries of Mount Rainier National Park and extended to the perimeter of the present Puget Sound Basin.  Other names originally used include Tahoma, Tacobeh, and Pooskaus.. This route description is aimed at strong hikers and scramblers. On the west it reaches nearly to Interstate 5, forming the eastern margin of the W… , Mountain climbing on Mount Rainier is difficult, involving traversing the largest glaciers in the U.S. south of Alaska. View more property details, sales history and Zestimate data on Zillow. Summit: 2 998 m (9 836 ft.) The peak has 2 official summits, the north one being highest.  More recently (since 2001) funding from the federal government for lahar protection in the area has dried up, leading local authorities in at-risk cities like Orting to fear a disaster similar to the Armero tragedy.  These incidents are often associated with exposure to very high altitude, fatigue, dehydration, and/or poor weather. There is a debate as to which peak has the best overall view and for my money this is the one. Cascade Mt towards Porter and High Peaks The main room is a large open area with tables and seating for 100+ guests. Cascade Summit is a 2,530 m less popular blue singletrack trail located near Heber City Utah. After enjoying some time at the meadows, return the way you came. The practice of looking back during the ascent will now pay off by helping you retrace the route quickly on the way down. In the past, Rainier has had large debris avalanches, and has also produced enormous lahars (volcanic mudflows), due to the large amount of glacial ice present. Cascade Mountains leeward forests — Écorégion des Cascade Mountains leeward forests Mont Shuksan dans le parc national des North Cascades … Wikipédia en Français. On a clear day, the view down the southwest face to Mt. From the ridge just above the False Summit, a tempting shortcut is to climb straight down to the Amphitheatre. The trail is exposed and steep with easy rock scrambles along the way. In 1934, it was the 3-cent issue in a series of National Park stamps, and was also shown on a souvenir sheet issued for a philatelic convention. Popular for winter sports include snowshoeing and cross-country skiing. Around 1.8 miles into the trail, you will get your fits good views, and will reach the summit in 2.4 miles. Getting There North Supply Trailhead On Highway 34 between Granby and Grand Lake, turn west onto County Road 4 between mile markers 9 and 10. These amenities are open to members and their guests only. Cascade Mountain . The South Tahoma Glacier generated 30 floods in the 1980s and early 1990s, and again in August, 2015. There are some forty distinct springs, a half dozen of which are easily reached from the road. Most hikers attempting to join the ADK 46er club start with these two mountains. , In 1998, the United States Geological Survey began putting together the Mount Rainier Volcano Lahar Warning System to assist in the emergency evacuation of the Puyallup River valley in the event of a catastrophic debris flow. The lowest of the three summits is Liberty Cap, 14,112 ft (4,301 m), at the northwestern edge, which overlooks Liberty Ridge, the Sunset Amphitheater, and the dramatic Willis Wall. , In one of the worst disasters on the mountain in over thirty years, six climbers—two guides, and four clients—last heard from on May 28, 2014, were presumed dead on May 31, 2014, when low-flying search helicopters pinged the signals from the avalanche beacons worn by the climbers. 18 km round trip Follow the ridge, with detours around the False Summit and First Peak, and stay on course. At an elevation of 4,098 feet, Cascade Mountain sits at #36 on the Adirondack 46er Peak List – Porter, at 4,059 feet, is #38. In the alpine level, Alaskan yellow cedar, subalpine fir, and mountain hemlock grow. Before starting your journey one should register at the local tourist information center located in town and pick up a map of the scramble.  Scientists track the distinct species found in the forest zone, the subalpine zone, and the alpine zone.  In 1924, a publication from the park described the area: "A feature at Longmire Springs of great interest to everyone is the group of mineral springs in the little flat to the west of National Park Inn. The key being they are comparing Cascade to the other High Peaks.  The area also became the site of features like a museum, a post office, and a gas station, with additions like a library and a gift shop soon following; many of these buildings were ultimately nominated to the national historic register of historic places.  Longmire remains the second most popular place in the park. Although Rainier had been considered the official name of the mountain, Theodore Winthrop, in his posthumously published 1862 travel book The Canoe and the Saddle, referred to the mountain as Tacoma and for a time, both names were used interchangeably, although Mt.  Mount Rainier is ranked third of the 128 ultra-prominent mountain peaks of the United States. Home > Banff / Sunshine Village > Cascade Mountain > False summit. , The Washington state quarter, which was released on April 11, 2007, features Mount Rainier and a salmon. , The mountain supports a wide variety of animal life, including several species that are protected on the state or federal level, like the Northern Spotted Owl. Dogs are also able to use this trail but must be kept on leash. At the skyline, turn a corner and scramble a few meters down a small rock band. Take a moment to pick out the main features—the First Peak, False Summit and the Main Summit—as viewed from this point. The 4059 foot summit of Porter Mountain is an easy side trip and is one of the Adirondack Forty-Sixers. Hike through the ski hill facilities. Cascade is an unincorporated community and U.S. Post Office in El Paso County, Colorado, United States.The ZIP Code of the Cascade Post Office is 80809.. Cascade Mountain is the spectacular peak seen to the northeast from the main street of Banff. While Cascade is considered one of the easier scrambles in the Banff area, all mountains pose hazards. Before the eruption its summit stood at 9,677 feet. The highest is called the Columbia Crest. Follow this “edge” up to the last trees on the ridge. The hike up Cascade is noted as a full-day (8hr) round trip.  Efforts are also being made to reintroduce native species that had locally been hunted to extinction, like the Pacific fisher. Tourists traveled through Ute Pass on the Colorado Midland Railway, experiencing scenic views of Cascade canon and its falls during their journey.  The large amount of glacial ice means that Mount Rainier could produce massive lahars which could threaten the entire Puyallup River valley. The lake it flows into and the pass between Cascade and Pitchoff mountains are also named Cascade. Beyond the First Peak, hike easily up the ridge crest on smooth dirt and moss. Several books say this is the easiest climb of the 4,000 footers.  In the subalpine region of the mountain, the snow often stays on the ground until summer begins, limiting plants to a much shorter growing season. Rainier National Park readies for a wildflower spectacle", "Scientific Exploration Of Mount Rainier", "Under Rainier's crater, a natural laboratory like no other", The 124 highest major summits of greater North America, The 100 most prominent summits of greater North America, The 107 most isolated major summits of greater North America, The 25 highest major summits of Washington, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mount_Rainier&oldid=992401421, Highest points of United States national parks, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the United States Geological Survey, Articles containing Southern Puget Sound Salish-language text, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, rock/ice climb via Disappointment Cleaver, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 02:23. This trail is the most common way for hikers to summit Cascade Mountain. Highways 97 and 197. There are three major trails that lead to these summits, but we decided to stick with the shortest and most accessible of them… the Cascade … Cascade is an excellent snowshoe excursion after you've tried a few of the area's smaller mountains. Hiking Cascade and Porter - Eastern High Peaks Adirondacks, NY A prominence cutoff of 400 ft (122 m) is commonly used in Washington state.  Routes are graded in NCCS Alpine Climbing format. , The volcanic risk is somewhat mitigated by lahar warning sirens and escape route signs in Pierce County. The mountain has also been called Stoney Chief, which is related to the name of the smaller neighbouring mountain Stoney Squaw, which is still in use. , In 1833, Dr. William Fraser Tolmie explored the area looking for medicinal plants. Snowshoes will usually suffice on the generally well-packed trail, although microspikes could come in handy on some of the steeper sections, especially along the ridge and near the summit. Towering over Orem is Cascade Mountain. S - True Summit. ", "Mount Rainier, Washington, USA – IAVCEI "Decade Volcano" – Hazards, Seismicity, and Geophysical Studies", "Sedimentology, Behavior, and Hazards of Debris Flows at Mount Rainier, Washington", "Volcano Hazards from Mount Rainier, Washington, Revised", "Mount Rainier Debris-Flow Maps available from USGS", "Mount Rainier Volcano Lahar Warning System", "Paths of Destruction: The Hidden Threat at Mount Rainier", "Abstract: DRAMATIC CHANGES TO GLACIAL VOLUME AND EXTENT SINCE THE LATE 19TH CENTURY AT MOUNT RAINIER NATIONAL PARK, WASHINGTON, USA (GSA Annual Meeting in Seattle, Washington, USA – 2017)", "Change in glacial extent at Mount Rainier National Park from 1896 to 2015", "Rainier melting unleashes 'glacial outbursts' of debris", "Holocene Subsistence and Settlement Patterns: Mount Rainier and the Montane Pacific Northwest", "Hazard Stevens photographs, c. 1840s–1918", "Longmire: Designing a National Park Style", "Short History of Mount Rainier National Park", "U.S. Code: Title 16 Chapter 1 Subchapter XI § 91", "U.S. Code: Title 16 Chapter 1 Subchapter XI § 92", "Mount Rainier – Living Safely With a Volcano in Your Backyard", "US Stamps – Commemoratives of 1934–1935", "Disappointment Cleaver-Ingraham Glacier", "Liberty Ridge is risky, deadly Mount Rainier route", "Ghosts of Rainier: Icefall in 1981 entombed 11 climbers", "HistoryLink: A Curtis Commando R5C transport plane crashes into Mount Rainier, killing 32 U.S. Marines, on December 10, 1946", "Bodies of 3 missing climbers recovered from Mount Rainier", "Bodies of 3 Mount Rainier climbers identified", "Backcountry Skiing Guide to Mount Rainier, Washington", "Interesting Weather Statistics for US Mountain Summits", "Mt. There are technical climbing routes up the visible face, but the safest and easiest route is hidden from view far around on the west side of the mountain. Mount Rainier (/ r eɪ ˈ n ɪər /), also known as Tahoma or Tacoma, is a large active stratovolcano in the Cascade Range of the Pacific Northwest, located in Mount Rainier National Park about 59 miles (95 km) south-southeast of Seattle. Climbing Tip: From this point on, make a conscious effort to look back at the ascent route for landmarks to aid in the descent. This direction ends in cliffs and does not rejoin with the trail. To add 1.4 miles to the hike and bag another 4,000-foot peak, consider a detour to the Porter Mountain summit. , The summit of Mount Rainier has an ice cap climate (Köppen climate classification: EF), Mount Rainier's protected status as a national park protects its primeval Cascade ecosystem, providing a stable habitat for many species in the region, including endemic flora and fauna that are unique to the area, such as the Cascade red fox and Mount Rainier lousewort.  Yet another swarm was observed in 2011. , Glaciers are among the most conspicuous and dynamic geologic features on Mount Rainier. Modern descendants of these people are represented by members of modern tribes that surround the mountain; including the Nisqually Indian Tribe, the Cowlitz Indian Tribe, the Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation, the Puyallup Tribe of Indians, and the Muckleshoot Indian Tribe, among others in the area. Download this stock image: Cascade mountain from Sulphur Mountain summit Banff National park Alberta Rockies Canada - AGJ0B7 from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. Cascade Mountain is probably the most recognisable mountain in Banff National Park, second perhaps only to Rundle Mountain or the Valley of the Ten Peaks. View Cascade and Porter Mountains in a larger map. Cascade Mountain Resort has several amenities that make life more enjoyable. It may take some longer as this hike is a 18km return trek with an elevation gain of 1325 m or (4346 ft) to reach the 2,998 m (9,836 foot) summit. The current name was given by George Vancouver, who named it in honor of his friend, Rear Admiral Peter Rainier. Sites related to seasonal use of Mount Rainier and its landscapes are reflected in chipped stone tool remains and settings suggesting functionally varied uses including task-specific sites, rockshelters, travel stops, and long-term base camps. The actually ascent was not bad, but the descent was painful. According to the United States Geological Survey, "about 80,000 people and their homes are at risk in Mount Rainier’s lahar-hazard zones. They erode the volcanic cone and are important sources of streamflow for several rivers, including some that provide water for hydroelectric power and irrigation. See [look back] for key points in this route description.