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[34], With his wife Jane, Stanford founded Leland Stanford Junior University as a memorial for their only child, Leland Stanford Jr., who died as a teenager of typhoid fever in Florence, Italy, in 1884 while on a trip to Europe. : 1804–1805; 51 Congress, 1 Sess. Also in May 1868, he started the Pacific Mutual Life Insurance Company (now Pacific Life) and served as its first president from 1868 to 1876. In speaking as governor Stanford said: “The presence of numbers of that degraded…people [Chinese-Americans] would exercise a deleterious effect upon the superior [white] race….To my mind it is clear that [Asian-American] settlement among us is to be discouraged by every legitimate means. The Big Four, as they came to be known, earned an estimated profit of $54 million from that venture alone. Its first student, admitted to Encina Hall that day, was Herbert Hoover, who went on to become the 31st U.S. President. Stanford archaeologists estimate that there were between four and six residences on the Palo Alto Stock Farm – and later the university – where Chinese workers lived. The process involved georeferencing historic maps of the site with the present-day landscape, then stretching a 5-meter by 5-meter grid over the area that the maps indicated as most likely to have contained the workers’ quarters. This was thought to be retaliation for Stanford's election to the United States Senate in 1885 over Huntington's friend, Aaron A. Stanford was defeated in his 1857 bid for California state treasurer, and his 1859 bid for the office of governor of California. [8] His father presented him with a law library said to be the finest north of Milwaukee. Even before the establishment of the university, Leland Stanford employed Chinese … He was one of eight children of Josiah and Elizabeth Phillips Stanford. “But we’ve already gotten some artifact evidence that’s a little bit confusing,” Victor said. There can be no doubt but that the presence among us of numbers of degraded and distinct people must exercise a deleterious influence upon the superior race, and to a certain extent, repel desirable immigration. Stanford's father was a farmer of some means. The Board of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior University (“Stanford”) appeals from orders of the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (“Board”) in three interference proceedings between Stanford and the Chinese University of Hong Kong (“CUHK”). © Stanford University. Documentation shows that Chinese workers had a variety of jobs and the potential for upward mobility, and were also paid the same as white workers. He was chosen as a delegate to the Republican Party convention which selected US presidential electors in both 1856 and 1860. The University was established by March 9, 1885, Endowment Act of the California assembly and senate, and the Grant of Endowment from Leland and Jane Stanford signed at the first meeting of the board of trustees on November 14, 1885.[35]. (Image credit: Megan Victor). Professor of East Asian Languages and Cultures and, by courtesy, of Linguistics Victor hopes the excavations will also reveal whether the workers had a garden or kept livestock, and whether women were present in the labor quarters; most are thought to have been occupied mostly, if not exclusively, by men. His immigrant ancestor, Thomas Stanford, settled in Charlestown, Massachusetts, in the 17th century. (Image credit: Courtesy Stanford University Digital Archives). Lecturer Email: Contact person by email. He is one of the 19th-century entrepreneurial tycoons called robber barons. Asia, with her numberless millions, sends to our shores the dregs of her population. [1] Migrating to California from New York at the time of the Gold Rush, he became a successful merchant and wholesaler, and continued to build his business empire. Leland Stanford on Chinese Exclusion, 1889 These new immigrants faced persecution. Among his siblings were New York State Senator Charles Stanford (1819–1885) and Australian businessman and spiritualist Thomas Welton Stanford (1832–1918). UCAA is Leland Stanford Junior University's Undergraduate Chinese American Association, a student-run organization whose goal is to promote and educate the Stanford community about Chinese culture. Stanford researchers used millimeter-sized crystals from the 1959 eruption of Hawaii’s Kilauea Volcano to test models that offer insights about flow conditions prior to and during an eruption. They also planted every palm tree on Palm Drive. Le Tang. Large numbers of this class are already here; and, unless we do something early to check their immigration, the question, which of the two tides of immigration, meeting upon the shores of the Pacific, shall be turned back, will be forced upon our consideration, when far more difficult than now of disposal. On September 30, 1850, Stanford married Jane Elizabeth Lathrop in Albany, New York. Leland Stanford, president of the railroad, had been elected governor on a program opposing Chinese immigration, calling the Chinese “the dregs” of Asia and declaring to the state legislature a year earlier, “The presence of numbers of that degraded and distinct people [Chinese] would exercise a deleterious effect upon the superior race.” 1 The Central Pacific's first locomotive, named "Gov. Clipping found in The Record-Union in Sacramento, California on Jan 7, 1889. During the first pilot excavation in 2017, the archaeologists found a kitchen midden containing broken pieces of cups and plates, as well as animal bones from cooked meals. During his gubernatorial tenure, he cut the state's debt in half and advocated for the conservation of forests. Ph.D., Stanford University, Chinese Language & Literature (1996) Email: Contact person by email. In 1856, he met with other Whig politicians in Sacramento on April 30 to organize the California Republican Party at its first state convention. In 2017, archaeologists with Stanford Heritage Services conducted archaeological testing at a site in the Stanford Arboretum. Sargent. The Central Pacific Railroad. As the Palo Alto breeding farm was later developed into the Stanford University, the university was nicknamed "The Farm". (Image credit: Courtesy Stanford University Digital Archives), Judith Haccou, former director of graduate admissions, has died at 69, A look inside Stanford’s expanded Biosafety Level 3 (BSL3) lab, Crystals may help reveal hidden Kilauea Volcano behavior. 47 in Michigan Bluff, California. Stanford attended the common school until 1836 and was tutored at home until 1839. [15][18] He bred Standardbred horses to be raced as trotters, including his chief sire, Electioneer (sired by Hambletonian)[19] and his winning offspring: Arion,[20] Sunol,[21] Palo Alto, and Chimes[22] (out of Stanford's best known dam Beautiful Bells[23]); and Thoroughbreds for flat racing. For the New York State Senate member, see. He spent one two-year term as Governor of California after his election in 1861, and later eight years as a United States Senator. Stanford was also interested in horses and owned the Gridley tract of 17,800 acres (72 km2) in Butte County. Stanford, California 94305. Later ancestors settled in the eastern Mohawk Valley of central New York about 1720. In Washington, D.C., he had a residence on Farragut Square near the home of Baron Karl von Struve, Russian minister to the United States. University photographer Andrew Brodhead takes us inside Stanford’s expanded Biosafety Level 3 (BSL3) lab. ... Leland Stanford and his wife, Jane, moved back to … “We really want to know what the lived experience was for these workers because, even now, so many refer to these laborers as workers, which defines them by the work that they did and does not speak to their broader lives,” said Megan Victor, a postdoctoral scholar in the Stanford Archaeological Center who is co-teaching the course Archaeological Field Methods with university archaeologist Laura Jones. Leland Stanford combined his legal knowledge, business ability, and political influence to become one of California's leading citizens in the nineteenth century. A large, slow-speaking man who always read from a prepared text, he impressed his listeners as being more sincere than a glib, extemporaneous speaker.[26][27]. “In particular, we are interested in what they were doing when they were not working, where they ate, slept and spent non-working hours. Stanford News is a publication of Stanford University Communications. He was even given the honor of driving the final spike. Leland Stanford on Chinese Labor A large majority of the white laboring class on the Pacific Coast find more profitable and congenial employment in mining and agricultural pursuits, than in railroad work. The gold strike in California had brought a large influx of newcomers into the territory, including Chinese immigrants. In 1856, he and Jane moved to Sacramento, where he engaged in mercantile pursuits on a large scale. Still more worked throughout the … Leland Stanford, the railroad’s president, had advocated for keeping Asians out of the state in his 1862 inaugural address as governor of California. 17 in Port Washington, Wisconsin. “What’s unclear to us is whether this is proof that someone was able-bodied but had really bad dental problems, was someone elderly or was a kid. He is widely considered a robber baron.[2][3][4][5][6]. [15], The Southern Pacific Company was organized in 1884 as a holding company for the Central Pacific-Southern Pacific system. In 1860, he was named a delegate to the Republican National Convention in Chicago but did not attend. [24][25], Stanford was politically active and became a leading member of the Republican Party. The grade of the CPRR met that of the Union Pacific Railroad, which had been built westward from its eastern terminus at Council Bluffs, Iowa/Omaha, Nebraska. Delivered: January 10, 1862. The research confirmed that Chinese laborers who helped build the Stanford campus had once lived there. In a new spring course, students are excavating the location of the former living quarters of Chinese workers who helped build Stanford. After moving west, he became a member of the Michigan City Lodge No. The result was the proto-film Sallie Gardner at a Gallop (1878). This type of lab is capable of handling microbes that can cause serious or potentially lethal disease through inhalation, such as SARS-CoV-2, the virus responsible for COVID-19. He authored several Senate bills that advanced ideas advocated by the Populists: a bill to foster the creation of worker-owned cooperatives,[28][29] and a bill to allow the issuance of currency backed by land value instead of only the gold standard. Long suffering from locomotor ataxia, Leland Stanford died of heart failure at home in Palo Alto, California, on June 21, 1893.

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