Verticillaster inflorescence occurs in family Lamiaceae or Labiatae where stems are generally quadrangular, e.g., Ocimum sanctum (Sacred Basil, vern. According to the Rules of ICBN the names of the families should end in -aceae. Ocimum tenuiflorum. Ocimum sanctum L. (Tulsi) is an erect, much branched sub-shrub 30-60 cm tall, with simple opposite green or purple leaves that are strongly scented and hairy stems. O. tenuiflorum is an annual or short-lived perennial plant that has been used as a culinary and medicinal herb for centuries. Books on Ayurvedic medicine, written in the Vedic period (3500–1600 B.C.) Thus the new name for the family Labiatae became Lamiaceae. Ocimum basilicum (Niazbo) is a tender plant, best known as a culinary herb which belongs to family labiatae (Mint Family). field-grown plant parts (leaves, stems, and inflorescence) were compared with those of respective callus cultures induced from each explant in in vitro. Your IP: 22.214.171.124 Tulsi is also reported to have anti-inflammatory qualities and is high in antioxidants. Abstract In vitro micropropagation of holy basil (Ocimum sanctum L.), an Indian medicinal herb, has been accomplished on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium utilizing young inflorescence explants. • Associated Fauna: Flowers attracts Small Mason bees and Sweat bees, pollens. In modern complementary and alternative medical practice, plants are the primary source of therapeutics and each part of the plant, inc… CUI11. Commonly known as holy basil or tulsi and tulasi in South Asia, it is an important sacred plant in Hinduism and, as with many plant species used in Asia, the religious uses are often linked with the medicinal uses. The leaves are ovate and slightly toothed. Diverse pharmacological properties of O. sanctum for example Tulsi), Ocimum basilicum (Sweet Basil, vern. Leaves: Opposite decussate, simple, petiolate, exstipulate, ovate, serrate, acute, hairy, unicostate reticulate. describe practices, including the use of medicinal plants, that formed the basis of all other medical sciences developed on the Indian subcontinent (Pattanayak et al., 2010). Photographs by: The verticils are further arranged in a racemose fashion. The leaves of Ocimum sanctum (OS) (Ayurvedic Gardens, Banaras Hindu University) were collected during October-December and identified with the standard sample preserved in the Department of Dravyaguna, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi. An infusion of the leaves is used as a stomachic in gastric disorders of children. Stem: Herbaceous above and woody below, aerial, erect, solid, quadrangular, branched, hairy with aromatic smell. However, the name Labiatae is also exempted and conserved under 'Nomina Conservanda' because of their constant use for a long time. Danna Robert: Warung is mixed with fish in coconut milk soup. Chemical Composition and Antioxidant Property of Holy Basil (Ocimum sanctum L.) Leaves, Stems, and Inflorescence and Their in Vitro Callus Cultures Tulsi, often referred to as “Holy Basil,” is believed to have multiple health benefits. In this study, the chemical constituents and antioxidant property of holy basil (Ocimum sanctum Linn.) 1. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. Petiolate, aromatic, ovate or elliptic-oblong, obtuse or subacute at apex, annulate or narrowed at base, shallowly and distant by serrate along margins, closely gland-dotted with long hairs on both sides. Flowers in axillary and terminal racemes of compact whorls, floral axis as long as calyx slender, simple. field-grown plant parts (leaves, stems, and inflorescence) were compared with those of respective callus cultures induced from each explant in in vitro. A decoction of the root is given as a diaphoretic in malarial fevers. Ocimum sanctum Linn. commonly recognized as Holy Basil or Tulsi is an Ayurvedic herb with long history of traditional use. Tulasi or Ocimum Sanctum belongs to family Lamiaceae and its flowers are tiny, purple and inflorescence is a verticillaster and forms a spike that is 12-14 … Often grown outside of homes. The juice of leaves possesses diaphoretic, antiperiodic, stimulating and expectorant properties. Most of the herbs belongs to this family are angular stem, leaves simple arranged opposite decussate manner, aromatic glands, Inflorescence verticillaster, complete flower, bisexual, zygomorphic, hypogynous, bilibiate stamens, didynamous epipetalous, carpels two ovaries, fuse. It is the genus of basil and the name is from the Ancient Greek word for basil, ὤκιμον (ṓkimon). Keywords: Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Ocimum sanctum, periodontitis, phytomedicine, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotell intermedia How to cite this article: Mallikarjun S, Rao A, Rajesh G, Shenoy R, Pai M. Antimicrobial efficacy of Tulsi leaf ( Ocimum sanctum ) extract on periodontal pathogens: An in vitro study. Flowers in axillary and terminal racemes of compact whorls, floral axis as long as calyx slender, simple. • MS supplemented with 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) or thidiazuron (TDZ) produced only non-morphogenetic callus. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. F. L. Hakkim, C. G. Shankar, and S. Girija, “Chemical composition and antioxidant property of holy basil (Ocimum sanctum L.) leaves, stems, and inflorescence and their in vitro callus cultures,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 55(22) (2007): 9109–17. Ocimum tenuiflorum is closely related to culinary basil (Ocimum basilicum), but differs in being a short-lived perennial with smaller flowers. Each cluster is a dichasial cyme reduced to two scorpioid. The seeds are mucilaginous and demulcent, and are given in disorders of genito-urinary systems. Leaves have petiole and are ovate, up to 5 cm long, usually somewhat toothed. Tulsi is the natural way t… Eugenol was highest in leaf, methyl eugenol in stem, phenyl propane glucosides, and In this study, the chemical constituents and antioxidant property of holy basil (Ocimum sanctum Linn.) Fruit : Nutlets 4, ellipsoid, smooth, brown metted with minute yellow and black spots, covered with short fringe of hygroscopic mucilaginous hairs. Here, one inflorescence consisting of two clusters develops from each of the two opposite axils of the leaves. Welcome to the India Biodiversity Portal - A repository of information designed to harness and disseminate collective intelligence on the biodiversity of the Indian subcontinent. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. The flowers are used in mwarmwars (head garlands). Sometimes branched, at times entire, inflorescence purple. Ocimum santcum (Fig. Traditionally leaves are used in bronchitis, gastric, skin and hepatic disorders . The content and composition of the essential oils obtained from different Ocimum species varies widely based on the geographical location, growth stage and harvesting season. Closely related to the culinary herb sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum), holy basil (Ocimum sanctum) is a plant with a rich history of use as a healing herb.Because this venerable herb has so many applications, it has become one of my favorites. sacred basil (Ocimum sanctum). The two opposite clusters often give the appearance of whorl or verticil due to overcrowding. Root: Tap, branched. Ocimum sanctum, Ocimum tomentosum: Common Name: ... Small clusters of 3 flowers are arranged in pairs along a spike-like, racemose inflorescence (8-10 cm long). The genus Ocimum includes a variety of herbs and shrubs, including several species of basil. Inflorescence: Basil is the main ingredient of pesto sauce but is also used to flavor other sauces and soups. Of all the Ocimum species, O. sanctum is most widely studied for its pharmacological properties. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. Cloudflare Ray ID: 5fd2361e4aeb381d Flowers are purplish in elongate racemes in close whorls. 85.1): Habit: A perennial herb with strong aromatic smell. Sometimes branched, at times entire, inflorescence purple. Essential oil s of O.sanctum in leaf inflorescence and stem were investi gated.Eugenol (57-50 per cent), caryophyllene (22-32 per cent) and methyl eugenol (6-14 per cent) were the major constituents together compris ing 85 per cent of the oil. The flowers are … Dr. Maulik Gadani. inflorescence is a long spike. Synonym: Ocimum sanctum English name: holy basil Chuukese name: warung Kosraen name: aring Pohnpeian name: kadiring Yapese name:lamar. Ocimum sanctum, or holy basil, is an aromatic plant that is native to the tropics of Asia and Africa, and is widespread as a cultivated plant and weed. In this study, the chemical constituents and antioxidant property of holy basil (Ocimum sanctum Linn.) field-grown plant parts (leaves, stems, and inflorescence) were compared with those of respective callus cultures induced from each explant in in vitro. The use of medicinal plants in traditional medicine has been described in literature dating back several 1000 years (Chang et al., 2016). Ocimum basilicum and Ocimum sanctum leaves contain more chemical constituents followed by inflorescence and flowers. E.g. According to the experts at Organic India, a tea line that includes many tulsi-based teas, a clean system is a happy system. Flowers are sessile and appear in a false whorl or vertically around the stem. 64 PRIYA×GU (Inflorescence) Calicarpa macrophylla Vahl 143 65 áËLÌ (Root) Oryza sativa Linn 145 ... 72 TULASÌ (Whole Plant) Ocimum sanctum Linn 162 73 TULASÌ (Leaf) Ocimum sanctum Linn 165 74 VACË (Rhizome) Acorus calamus Linn 168 75 VATSANËBHA (Root) … It is a small shrub with many branches and strongly scented green leaves. The genetic distance between the two species was calculated to investigate the interspecies relationship and it is 2.86. 50% ethanolic extract of OS (OSE) was prepared by adding 500 g of dried, crushed, and powdered leaves of OS in 1000 mL of … It is used in catarrh and bronchitis, applied to the skin, in ringworm and other cutaneous diseases and dropped into the ear to relieve earache. The best known species are the strongly aromatic herb Ocimum basilicum (Thai basil) and Ocimum gratissimum (African basil) as well as the medicinal herb Ocimum tenuiflorum, also known as Ocimum sanctum (holy basil or tulsi in Hindi). Ocimum / ˈ ɒ s ɪ m ə m / is a genus of aromatic annual and perennial herbs and shrubs in the family Lamiaceae, native to the tropical and warm temperate regions of all 6 inhabited continents, with the greatest number of species in Africa. Oils produced by steam distillation and microwave distillation from leaves and inflorescences were analyzed by GC/MS and retention indices. The callus cultures were successfully initia … Fruits: The fruit is composed of 4 tiny, one-seeded nutlets. Chuuk. Abstract Ocimum tenuiflorum L.f. (syn O. sanctum L.) (Labiatae) is an ayurvedic medicinal plant from India that was introduced in Northeastern Brazil in 1970. Reportedly, the herb assists in reducing stress and increasing energy, while balancing the body, supporting the immune system, improving mood, and supporting cognitive function and decision-making. Types of inflorescence … The therapeutic importance of this herbal drug led to discover its biological and pharmacological potentials.
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