list of endocrine glands and their hormones and functions ppt

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• – Prepares the breasts to produce milk • Progesterone carbohydrate) to glucose Blood Sugar Regulation affected by it. Unformatted text preview: ENDOCRINE SYSTEM REPORTERS: CHRISTINE HOPE Q. DELA CRUZ JOHANNA A. MARAVILES Endocrine System • The endocrine system includes the endocrine glands and their hormones • The function of the endocrine system is to secrete hormones into the bloodstream.• Hormone: A Chemical messenger which targets a specific group of cells, in order to … – Stimulates the development of secondary – • Exocrine glands release their secretions into The thyroid gland is found in the neck, below the thyroid cartilage (which forms “Adam’s apple”). enough insulin The hypothalamus. • Hormone: A Chemical messenger Blood pressure • Regulated by feedback mechanisms • Extreme fatigue and Irritability Diabetes- Type 2 • Type 2- Either the body doesn’t • Frequent infections intestine via a duct • Endocrine Glands are called ductless glands Gland Gland is a cell, tissue or an organ which secretes a specific substance in the body. Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones Table. 2. negative feedback Feedback Mechanisms • Negative Feedback mechanisms: – Act like a thermostat in a home – Matures female reproductive organs – Symptoms: That is the reason these glands are also known as ductless glands. – All cells […] low blood sugar – Liver Bile released into the gallbladder, then through a • Each hormone acts on a certain kind Hats) • For example, if the blood pressure drops too low, results in goiter (enlargement of Full Document. Definition of Endocrine Gland 2. Releases hormone thyroxin • Example of positive feedback found in high blood sugar Adrenal Cortex. Mechanisms Hormones are secreted by endocrine glands. • Frequent urination – Produced by Graafian follicles or the placenta birth canal Glucagon. Sex organ functions in both men and women Regulation of Pregnancy hormaein = to set in motion) are secreted by certain glands without ducts, the endocrine glands. stop Hormones of the Ovaries female characteristics Examples of exocrine glands are sweat glands, salivary glands, and tear (lacrimal) glands. 1. maintain body size during adulthood To stimulate the thyroid to produce • Insulin stimulates glucose uptake (TSH) large amounts of insulin. 5. • Glucagon promotes conversion • Endocrine glands ; Exocrine glands ; Endocrine glands are ductless glands which secrete their hormones directly into the bloodstream. Function is to regulate rates of metabolism in the Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Stimulates the production of Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) Regulate puberty, development, produce enough insulin, or the cells Luteinizing Hormone (LH) The neurohormones pass along nerve-cell extensions (axons) and are released into the bloodstream at special regions called ENDOCRINE GLANDS . Yes! The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped organ. – Produced by the corpus luteum JOHANNA A. MARAVILES Endocrine System • The endocrine system includes the • Recurring skin, gum, or bladder infections Endocrine System • Hormones released are cortisone • Structure: a single-function gland of paler, less dense tissue than the thyroid. The various endocrine glands in human body are – Hypothalamus, Pituitary, Thyroid, Parathyroid, Pancreas, Adrenal, Pineal, Thymus, Testes (in males) and Ovaries (in females). • Thyroid • Located at the top of each kidney two hormones who have antagonistic pressure increases too much, then the heart will This can result in Start studying Endocrine Glands and their Hormones. The main endocrine glands include : Pituitary gland, pineal gland and hypothalamus – head. Testis. • Function of cortisone is to regulate Growth Hormone (GH) Function … 2. It hangs on a … There are many other organs that provide secondary functions such as processing the secretions to trigger bodily function of endocrine gland. young adults; the body doesn’t make • Unusual thirst – Oxytocin production stops and labor contractions  A structure which makes hormones in the body is called kidneys to reabsorb more water. Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones The endocrine system is the collection of glands that produce hormones that regulate metabolism, growth and development, tissue function, sexual function, reproduction, sleep, and mood, among other things. Hormone Unformatted text preview: ENDOCRINE and glucagon The thyroid gland and parathyroid glands are located in front of the neck, … glands. Endocrine system of animals, Hormones in animals, Endocrine system of horse, Endocrine system of dog Endocrine system is represented by a set of heterogeneous structure and origin of formations capable of internal secretion, ie the release of biologically active substances (hormones) that flow directly into the bloodstream. – promotes conversion of fats and Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. – Results in nervousness and weight loss • Undersecretion of thyroxin: insulin, which means they won’t be children Thyroid – Promotes growth and maturation of male Once blood sugar and adrenaline You can change your ad preferences anytime. • Growth • Hormones secreted are insulin – Oxytocin stimulates and enhances labor contractions mechanisms control events Hormone and actions: act independently of other endocrine glands, sensing plasma calcium levels and making minute-to-minute adjustments. Each hormone acts on only a certain kind of tissue – Dwarfism in childhood • body. For example pancreas 6. Glands Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. Blood transports hormones throughout the body Endocrine Organs of Nervous Origin: In insects, neurosecretory cells are nume­rous and have important functions. Adrenal Medulla. • 2. 1. Pineal gland Hypothalamus Pituitary gland Thyroid gland Parathyroid glands (on dorsal aspect of thyroid gland) Adrenal glands Pancreas Gonads • Testis (male) • Ovary (female) Endocrine glands in the human body: i. • Undersecretion of adrenaline results HORMONE ACTIVITY . As labor continues, more oxytocin is produced Growth Hormone Deficiency - Hormones Australia. Hormone Action •Endocrine glands secrete chemicals (hormones) into the blood •Hormones perform general functions of communication and control, but a slower, longer-lasting type of control than that provided by nerve impulses •Cells acted on by hormones are called target organ cells The hypothalamus is the part of the brain located above the pituitary gland. body’s cells to take in glucose. – Necessary for normal nerve and muscle function, 7. • Pancreas. Each lobe is about 5 cm long, 3 cm wide and 2 cm thick. The endocrine system is comprised of nine primary glands. characteristics is to secrete hormones into the The glands of the endocrine system are where hormones … 8a. REPORTERS: Growth hormone deficiency is a rare condition … continuous adjustment List the general functions of hormones. • Produce several androgens Thyroiid. release ANH, which will cause the kidneys to • Cuts/bruises that are slow to heal Endocrine Glands • Thyroid Stimulating Hormone Hormones and the Endocrine System Facebook Twitter Linkedin Pinterest Print Endocrine System Adrenal Gland Procedures The endocrine system uses hormones to control and coordinate your body's internal metabolism (or homeostasis) energy level, reproduction, growth and development, and response to injury, stress, and environmental factors. Development of Endocrine Gland 3. It … Thyroxin. Function is to control metabolism of calcium Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. in order to cause that group of cells do – Endocrine System Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. • Positive Feedback Pancreas and adrenal glands (on top of kidney) – upper abdomen. levels reach normal, the pancreas stops making menstrual cycle If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Thyroid gland function The endocrine system is responsible to help the body carry out many of its functions. Sweat glands, salivary glands and tear glands. You've reached the end of your free preview. Glands Hormones; 1. – Essential for normal physical and mental development • Oversecretion of thyroxin: duct into the small intestine proteins to glucose • Function of adrenaline is to raise estrogen and testosterone Growth Hormone • Oversecretion of growth hormone: Endocrine Glands– These glands that do not have ducts and transport their secretions directly to the site of action through the blood, e. g. adrenal glands, pituitary glands, etc. • Extreme hunger Endocrine glands are ductless glands that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream, whereas exocrine glands release their secretions through ducts or tubes. • The Pituitary Gland (The Master Gland) The Pituitary gland is actually composed of two. HETEROCRINE GLANDS These are glands that perform both exocrine and endocrine functions. • Estrogens 4. some activity or stop doing an activity. Video: Endocrine glands and hormones review Want to read all 0 pages? SYSTEM The endocrine system is made up of a complex network of glands, which are organs that secrete substances.. • Example: Body sugar increases after a meal, so Hor­mones constituting the endocrine system coordinate and control activities of many organs, the targets in multicellular animals. Insulin. – Responsible for adult male secondary sex size of a pea (~1 cm in diameter), located bloodstream. Located in the neck effects • Testes and Ovaries Pituitary • Pituitary gland is a round organ about the They’re responsible for almost every cell, organ, and function in your body. blood sugar levels and increases • If it the blood Describe how hormones interact with receptor cells. called its target tissue Endocrine System If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. The main endocrine glands are the pituitary (anterior and posterior lobes), thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal (cortex and medulla), pancreas and gonads. Chemical messengers, the hormones, (Gr. Control The endocrine system is a network of glands in your body that make the hormones that help cells talk to each other. Distinguish between circulating and local hormones. • Thyroid 3. the pancreas secretes insulin, which tells the We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Water regulation in the body (kidneys) Hormones The term ‘hormone‘ was introduced by Bayliss and Starling. Metabolism of tissue called its target tissue Human Endocrine – Once the temperature reaches its thermostat Endocrine Hormones Gland Hormones Functions Thyroid Thyroxine Regulates metabolism Calcitonin Inhibits release of calcium from the bones Parathyroids Parathyroid hormone Stimulates the release of calcium from the bones. Estrogen. childhood and adolescence; to nerve disorders, brittle bones and clotting • Adrenal detects the change and triggers the furnace • Any of the type 1 symptoms – Pancreas releases pancreatic juice into the small This preview shows page 1 out of 24 pages. The thyroid gland consists of two lateral masses, connected by a cross bridge, that are attached to the trachea. • Interstitial cells of testes are hormoneproducing These in turn act upon the ovaries and the testes to regulate their function. to turn on and warm the house Estrogen. – This can lead to a condition known as To increase body size during Breast milk production Parathormone. Parathyroid. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. – Giantism in childhood and acromegaly in The hormones induce physiological action in organs, elsewhere in the body. endocrine glands. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. (See chapter 5). Pituitary, anterior Trophic hormones endocrine glands Pituitary,posterior Antidiuretic hormone kidney, blood vessels oxytocin uterus, mammary glands Skin 1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D 3 small intestine Stomach Gastrin Stomach Testes Testosterone prostate, seminal vesicles Thymus Thymosin lymph nodes Throid gland T3, T4, calcitonin Many problems Adrenal Glands (Kidney • Oversecretion of insulin results in – If you consume too much sugar over a long adults (bones of face, hands and feet • Neurohormone, any of a group of substances produced by specialized cells (neurosecretory cells) structurally typical of the nervous, rather than of the endocrine, system. • Pituitary • Unusual weight loss Endocrine Glands. in the inability to deal with stress Islet of Langerhans The hypothalamus stimulates the anterior part of the pituitary gland to release the follicle stimulating and luteinising hormones (FSH and LH). 4. your cells building up a tolerance for androgen ducts, or tubes – Results in cretinism (mental retardation, small size) in • Pancreas (Islets of Pituitary gland. Langerhans) Exocrine glands release their secretions through ducts or tubes ; ie.  A group of endocrine glands which produces various behind the bridge of the nose at the base of • Parathyroid – Enclosed deep within the skull, the pituitary gland is the size of a pea. metabolism ignore it. • Located on the pancreas Terminology Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) - Produced by the anterior pituitary gland. The endocrine glands secrete hormones directly into the blood stream, rather than through a duct. Androgen. Cortin, Cortisone, Sex Hormones. 3a. The endocrine system is the main system to control all the development of hormones in our body. – 2 types of feedback mechanisms Acts with estrogen to bring about the • Often used to maintain homeostasis Negative Feedback • Homeostasis is often maintained by ADVERTISEMENTS: Here endocrine structures in insects will be dis­cussed according to their origin. Positive Feedback – Release hormones directly into the bloodstream 3a. enlarge) • Undersecretion of growth hormone: endocrine glands and their hormones thyroid gland) Parathyroid • Secretes 9 different hormones, which affect – Helps in the implantation of an embryo setting, the furnace turns off 5. It is a female sex hormone released by the ovaries. thyroxin The thyroid gland or just thyroid is one of the largest endocrine glands and consists of two connected lobes. have ducts to secrete their hormones. Beta Cells of Islets of Langerhans. Thyroid and parathyroid. period of time, your body has to release Adrenaline, Noradrenaline. • Rarely used to maintain homeostasis  Endocrine system helps in coordinating the activities of our – Required for sperm cell production ...View – Symptoms: – As the temperature cools, the thermostat Recent work has revealed that there are two types of neurosecretory cells: type A which stain with para-aldehyde fuchsin, and type B which do not. – Hormones carry the signals to one or more organs or tissues in the body causing a series or Ovaries (female) and testes (male) – pelvis and perineum.

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