Stevenson, W.R., Loria, R., Franc, G.D., and Weingartner, D.P. G raw sweet potato It may also be used for boiling and baking. Alturas is a potato variety released in 2002 by the USDA-ARS and the Agricultural Experiment Stations of Idaho, Oregon, and Washington and it is under plant variety protection. 1983. An alternative method, used by home gardeners and smaller-scale growers, involves covering the growing area with organic mulches such as straw or plastic sheets.. The importance of the potato as a food source and culinary ingredient varies by region and is still changing.  The potato was originally believed to have been domesticated by indigenous peoples of the Americas independently in multiple locations, but later genetic testing of the wide variety of cultivars and wild species traced a single origin for potatoes. Potato plants are herbaceous perennials that grow about 60 cm (24 in) high, depending on variety, with the leaves dying back after flowering, fruiting and tuber formation. Heavier netting on potato. However, it is used in northern China where rice is not easily grown, with a popular dish being 青椒土豆丝 (qīng jiāo tǔ dòu sī), made with green pepper, vinegar and thin slices of potato. We also offer expert advice on how to grow potatoes in the ground or in bags. 64:177-189. In the winter, roadside sellers in northern China will also sell roasted potatoes. 2017, Anthony J. McMichael, Alistair Woodward, Cameron Muir, Climate Change and the Health of Nations, →ISBN, page 213: 1.1.1. The effect of spacing of seedpieces on yield, quality and economic value for processing of Shepody potatoes in Manitoba. Poutine, by contrast, is a hearty serving of French fries, fresh cheese curds and hot gravy. It is a processing potato that has cold-sweetening resistance, so it can be processed into French fries directly out of storage and other frozen potato products. Normal potato tubers that have been grown and stored properly produce glycoalkaloids in amounts small enough to be negligible to human health, but if green sections of the plant (namely sprouts and skins) are exposed to light, the tuber can accumulate a high enough concentration of glycoalkaloids to affect human health. The plant delivers high yields in an early harvest. Further inspection and separation occurs when the potatoes are unloaded from the field vehicles and put into storage. At Kroeker Farms we grow what makes potato brands special, whether it's conventional or organic potatoes. , According to an Environmental Working Group analysis of USDA and FDA pesticide residue tests performed from 2000 through 2008, 84% of the 2,216 tested potato samples contained detectable traces of at least one pesticide. There are two major subspecies of Solanum tuberosum: andigena, or Andean; and tuberosum, or Chilean. This is a list of potato varieties or cultivars.Potato cultivars can have a range of colors due to the accumulation of anthocyanins in the tubers.  Potato density assessment can be performed by floating them in brines.  The commercial storage and retrieval of potatoes involves several phases: first drying surface moisture; wound healing at 85% to 95% relative humidity and temperatures below 25 °C (77 °F); a staged cooling phase; a holding phase; and a reconditioning phase, during which the tubers are slowly warmed. Like most other pre-20th century acronymic origins, this is false, and there is no evidence that a Society for the Prevention of Unwholesome Diet ever existed.  The name potato originally referred to a type of sweet potato rather than the other way around, although there is actually no close relationship between the two plants. Confused over which sort of seed potatoes to grow? , New tubers may start growing at the surface of the soil. Trials have found good resistance to potato leafroll virus and potato virus Yo . Released in 1980, Shepody potatoes continue to be one of the most popular potatoes in all of North America for French fries. H raw sorghum Shepody is a potato seed variety that introduced from Canada, it’s a medium mature variety, from the date of planting, 120 days will be needed for the harvest. In India, the most popular potato dishes are aloo ki sabzi, batata vada, and samosa, which is spicy mashed potato mixed with a small amount of vegetable stuffed in conical dough, and deep fried. It remains an essential crop in Europe, especially Northern and Eastern Europe, where per capita production is still the highest in the world, while the most rapid expansion in production over the past few decades has occurred in southern and eastern Asia, with China and India leading the world in overall production as of 2018.  Potatoes that are good for making potato chips or potato crisps are sometimes called "chipping potatoes", which means they meet the basic requirements of similar varietal characteristics, being firm, fairly clean, and fairly well-shaped. The word "potato" may refer either to the plant itself or to the edible tuber. Since exposure to light leads to an undesirable greening of the skins and the development of solanine as a protection from the sun's rays, growers cover surface tubers. , Most modern potatoes grown in North America arrived through European settlement and not independently from the South American sources, although at least one wild potato species, Solanum fendleri, naturally ranges from Peru into Texas, where it is used in breeding for resistance to a nematode species that attacks cultivated potatoes. Enriching and preserving the gene bank collection to make potatoes adaptive to diverse environmental conditions is seen as a pressing issue due to climate change.  Recently, as of 2010, potatoes have also been bioengineered specifically for these pigmentation traits. 1 potatoes are the highest quality and No. UNL web framework and quality assurance provided by the, Apply to the University of Nebraska–Lincoln, Give to the University of Nebraska–Lincoln, Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Strengthening Nebraska's Agricultural Economy. The wikiHow Culinary Team also followed the article's instructions and verified that they work. To create this article, 16 people, some anonymous, worked to edit and improve it over time. Potatoes are boiled between 10 and 25 minutes, depending on size and type, to become soft. For culinary purposes, varieties are often differentiated by their waxiness: floury or mealy baking potatoes have more starch (20–22%) than waxy boiling potatoes (16–18%). , Genetic research has produced several genetically modified varieties. We live and work by the motto always better. The result is then usually run past workers who continue to sort out plant material, stones, and rotten potatoes before the potatoes are continuously delivered to a wagon or truck. From start to finish, growers ensure that their worldwide customers continue to receive the highest quality potatoes the come to expect from New Brunswick. One of the top demand variety in the world. , The major species grown worldwide is Solanum tuberosum (a tetraploid with 48 chromosomes), and modern varieties of this species are the most widely cultivated. 68:425-443. Tortilla de patatas (potato omelette) and patatas bravas (a dish of fried potatoes in a spicy tomato sauce) are near-universal constituent of Spanish tapas. Potato Jour. Even cold weather makes potatoes more susceptible to bruising and possibly later rotting, which can quickly ruin a large stored crop. The word has an unknown origin and was originally (c. 1440) used as a term for a short knife or dagger, probably related to the Latin spad- a word root meaning "sword"; compare Spanish espada, English "spade", and spadroon. As usual for 2017 garden season, we did some more experimentation with two new varieties this year. Potatoes are a staple of several ethnic diets.  Since then, breeders developing new varieties test for this, and sometimes have to discard an otherwise promising cultivar. Key. Exposure to light, physical damage, and age increase glycoalkaloid content within the tuber. A secondary center of genetic variability of the potato is Mexico, where important wild species that have been used extensively in modern breeding are found, such as the hexaploid Solanum demissum, as a source of resistance to the devastating late blight disease.  The yield gap between farms in developing economies and developed economies represents an opportunity loss of over 400 million tonnes of potato, or an amount greater than 2010 world potato production. Today they are a staple food in many parts of the world and an integral part of much of the world's food supply. The Spanish Royal Academy says the Spanish word is a compound of the Taíno batata and the Quechua papa (potato). He deliberately chose coarse and ugly models, thinking that they would be natural and unspoiled in his finished work..
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